Employment Law

As an employer in Australia, it is your responsibility to understand and adhere to the country’s employment laws, ensuring that your workplace is safe and welcoming for all employees. This means creating an environment where bullying, discrimination, and harassment are not tolerated.

The backbone of Australian employment law consists of various layers including federal, state, and territory legislation, industrial instruments, and common law. A pivotal piece among these laws is the Fair Work Act 2009, which sets the foundation for the employment conditions of most Australian employees under the national workplace relations system. Within this act are the National Employment Standards (NES), which outline 10 fundamental entitlements for private sector employees.

However, the Fair Work Act 2009 does not stand alone nor does it cover all employment scenarios across Australia. It is complemented by additional legislation at both the federal and state or territory levels. Notably, Western Australia operates under its distinct state-based system for certain private sector workplaces.

Understanding which workplace relations system applies to your business is crucial in determining the relevant laws and regulations. If under the national system, your business may be subject to specific industrial instruments like modern awards, enterprise agreements, or other registered agreements that establish extra employment conditions for different industries or occupations beyond the NES.

Objective of Australian Employment Legislation

The core objective of Australian employment legislation is to ensure that employers are responsible for treating their employees fairly. This means making sure employees get the basic rights and benefits they’re entitled to based on their industry and job.

These entitlements include what they’re paid, leaves they can take (like sick or annual leave), conditions around losing their job (redundancy), and how much notice they need to give or receive if they’re leaving or being let go. Essentially, it’s about protecting employees and making the workplace fair for everyone.

Key Pieces of Workplace Legislation

Below are some of the key pieces of legislation that protect employees in Australia’s workplace:

Fair Work Act 2009

The Fair Work Act 2009 is a foundational piece of Australian legislation designed to regulate employment relationships. It establishes a comprehensive safety net that includes a national minimum wage, National Employment Standards (NES), and conditions detailed in Modern Awards or enterprise and other registered agreements. The Act facilitates flexible work arrangements, safeguards against unfair dismissal, and ensures employees are treated equitably, free from discrimination. It encompasses general protections to prevent adverse actions against employees unfairly. Furthermore, the Act establishes key administrative bodies such as the Fair Work Commission to oversee and enforce workplace relations laws. While it applies universally across Australia, certain types of businesses in Western Australia, including sole traders and non-trading corporations, are exceptions.

State and Federal Anti-Discrimination Laws

Anti-discrimination laws at both the state and federal levels in Australia serve to protect individuals from unfair treatment in the employment sector and beyond. These laws cover discrimination on the basis of race, sex, disability, age, and more, and are enforced by bodies like the Australian Human Rights Commission at the federal level. Each state and territory also has its legislation to handle discrimination, ensuring a comprehensive framework that safeguards individuals from bias and harassment in the workplace. This legislation is crucial in creating a fair and inclusive work environment, extending protections even beyond the tenure of employment in certain scenarios.

Work Health and Safety Act 2011

The Work Health and Safety Act 2011 introduces a harmonized set of WHS laws that, upon adoption by the Commonwealth, states, and territories, standardize health and safety regulations across Australia. The Act aims to protect the health, safety, and welfare of workers as well as others interacting with the workplace, like customers and visitors. It delineates responsibilities for managing risks, mandates incident reporting, and promotes worker consultation. Enforcement mechanisms, including fines and penalties, underscore the seriousness of compliance. Notably, the Act addresses workplace bullying by recognising it as a health and safety hazard, thus emphasizing the importance of a secure and respectful work environment for all.

Disability Discrimination Act 1992

Included within broader anti-discrimination protections, the Disability Discrimination Act 1992 focuses specifically on preventing discrimination against individuals with disabilities. This encompasses a wide range of conditions, including physical, intellectual, neurological, and psychiatric disorders. The Act makes it unlawful to treat a person unfairly because of disability, which extends to their associates, such as family and friends. It mandates that employers must, within reasonable bounds, accommodate employees with disabilities, ensuring they are not disadvantaged in the workplace. This part of employment law underscores the imperative to foster an inclusive and supportive work environment for everyone, regardless of disability.

What Rights Do Employers Have In The Workplace?

Employer Rights and Responsibilities

As an employer, your rights are primarily centered around expecting employees to effectively perform their tasks, comply with reasonable management directives, and adhere to the terms of their employment contracts along with workplace policies and procedures. Nevertheless, your role involves significant obligations and responsibilities towards your employees, as outlined by the Fair Work Act and other industrial relations legislation.

Key responsibilities include, but are not limited to:

  • Providing a Safe Working Environment: Ensuring the workplace is free from hazards and safe for all employees.
  • Protection Against Bullying, Discrimination, and Sexual Harassment: Creating a workplace culture that respects dignity and prevents abuse or unfair treatment.
  • Correct Pay and Entitlements: Compensating employees fairly according to their roles, experience, and as stipulated by law.
  • Record Keeping: Maintaining accurate employment records about employee details, pay, leave, and other essential information.
  • Training and Resources: Giving employees the tools, knowledge, and support necessary for safe and efficient work.
  • Communicating Rights and Responsibilities: Making sure employees are aware of their rights under workplace laws and their obligations.
  • Safety Training: Educating employees on potential workplace hazards and safety practices.
  • First Aid Requirements: Ensuring access to first aid facilities and trained first aid personnel.
  • Reporting Incidents and Injuries: Reporting any workplace incidents or injuries to Safe Work Australia as required.
  • Providing Protective Clothing and Equipment: Supplying necessary safety equipment and training employees on proper usage.


Employment legislation sets out the legal obligations and rights of both employers and employees. It ensures fair treatment, safe working conditions, and proper compensation for employees while also protecting businesses from potential legal risks.

The Fair Work Act applies broadly across Australia, covering most employees and employers in both the private and public sectors. This includes individuals employed by constitutional corporations, those in the Commonwealth, and those working in territories. However, it excludes certain state government employees, with specific exclusions varying by state. Essentially, the Act provides a national standard for workplace practices and rights, aiming to address the balance between employers and employees, ensuring fair pay, conditions, and protections. It’s crucial for both employers and employees to understand whether the Act applies to them, as it dictates many aspects of their working relationship.

Handling bullying and discrimination requires a proactive approach. Employers must establish clear policies that define unacceptable behavior, create a straightforward process for reporting incidents, and ensure confidentiality and protection for those who come forward. Training sessions on diversity, inclusion, and sensitivity should be held regularly. When incidents occur, they must be investigated promptly and impartially, with appropriate actions taken to resolve the situation and prevent recurrence.

Effective communication of rights and responsibilities can be achieved through comprehensive onboarding processes, accessible and up-to-date employee handbooks, and regular training sessions. Information should be clearly communicated through multiple channels such as meetings, emails, and internal portals. Encouraging open dialogue and providing platforms for questions and clarifications are also crucial.

The current Work Health and Safety (WHS) Act in Australia is the Work Health and Safety Act 2011. It is a national law that aims to protect the health, safety, and welfare of all workers and others who may be affected by work activities. The Act applies to all businesses in Australia, except for those in the state of Western Australia which has its own equivalent legislation.

Contact us now!

To effectively manage your responsibilities and stay up-to-date with your rights as an employer, consider consulting with a workplace relations specialist. They can offer tailored advice and keep you informed about legislative changes that might impact your business.

Request A Quote